to take the oath of office – приносить присягу
the running mate – кандидат на пост вице-президента
to step in — вмешаться
to swear in – приводить к присяге
electoral college – коллегия выборщиков
to take office – вступить в должность
to convene – собираться
turmoil – беспорядок
Watch the video and answer the questions.
Watch the video once again and mark whether the statements are true or false.
Fill in the gaps with not more than two words:
constituency – избирательный округ
riding — административный или выборный округ в Канаде
Listen to a conversation about the Canadian political system and answer the following questions:
1. Read the following summaries of different parts of the lecture, then listen to the lecture and put the summaries in the correct order.
___ a The topic of today’s lecture is sexism in language and how to avoid it.
___ b There are a great many gender-specific terms. Words like mailman or policeman are gender-specific because they only refer to men.
___ c But vocabulary isn’t the only problem. Grammar is a problem, too.
___ d The word mankind sounds as if you are only talking about men, but when you say human beings or people, then you include both men and women.
___ e The word we use affect how we think. For example, if children grow up hearing chairman, they think the title must always refer to a man.
2. Name the examples of gender-specific language given in the lecture. Can you provide your own examples of sexisms?
to flourish – процветать
to uproot – искоренять, вырывать с корнем
tight-knit – сплоченный, дружный
intimidating – пугающий
You will hear a report by Richard Schiffman, with host Mary Ambrose, from the Public Radio International program The World. Schiffman interviews teachers and students at the International High School in Queens, New York. Ambrose says that the International High School «seems to work.»
LISTENING FOR MAIN IDEAS
You will hear the entire report. Mark the statements that are true.
At the International High School, _____.
_____ 1. students speak their native languages
_____ 2. students work in groups
_____ 3. students are not all immigrants to the United States
_____ 4. students help each other in their native language
_____ 5. teachers want students to feel comfortable
_____ 6. students improve their English and their native language
_____ 7. teachers think that speaking two languages causes problems
_____ 8. students try to be assimilated quickly into American culture
LISTENING FOR DETAILS
Listen to the report again. In the chart, mark whether each person is a student or teacher. List what they like about the school, and summarize their comments. Check your answers with a partner.
|PERSON BEING INTERVIEWED||Student||Teacher||WHAT THIS PERSON LIKES ABOUT THE SCHOOL|
Fill in the gaps with one word:
New York City can be an (1)______________ place, even for those who have spent their whole lives here. But for young people who have just been uprooted from tight-knit, (2)____________ families and traditional communities abroad, the city can seem positively (3)_____________. Teacher Aaron Listhaus says that young immigrants don’t just need a place to learn English and other subjects. They need, above all else, a place that feels completely safe and welcoming.
Aaron Listhaus: It’s particularly important for these students to have a (4)__________ level in a place called school and for that school to feel like home … to feel like their needs are going to get met, um, they’re going to be listened to, they’re going to be (5)___________ for who they are and the (6)____________ backgrounds that they come from, and that those things are viewed as what makes them special rather than what makes them a problem.
Be-all and end-all – самое важное, суть
To have itchy feet – иметь потребность постоянно переезжать или путешествовать
Buzz – суета
Listen to Thomas and Elise talking about their work/life habits. How do their opinions and lifestyles differ?
Choose the best answer:
Tick any items in the list below which they mention. What do they say about the items you ticked?
air stewardess railway station compact discs
bank manager drawings food supplies
birthday balloons radio programme
megacity – город с населением более 10 млн. чел.
urban sprawl – разрастание города
homogeneous [ˌhɔmə’ʤiːnɪəs] – однородный
ghettos – гетто
destitute conditions – плохие условия жизни (нищета)
vibrant [‘vaɪbrənt] nightlife – бурная ночная жизнь
Listen to the tape and answer the questions.